A narcissistic personality disorder is one of many personality disorders. Personality disorders are types of mental disorders that can completely affect how a person behaves, functions, and thinks. This can be problematic when building relationships and connections with others. Narcissistic personality disorder is no different.
Those dealing with narcissistic personality disorder tend to display abusive traits with those around them. It is typically characterized by a self-centered world view. Typically, a person dealing with this disorder will have a very inflated idea of self-importance. This can cause a number of issues for the person and those around them.
If someone you know is dealing with a narcissistic personality disorder, it’s important to be aware of the signs and possible traits. This is especially true if you are in a close relationship with some with a narcissistic personality disorder. There are several problems and abusive traits that can arise in a relationship with someone struggling with a narcissistic personality disorder. It’s important to look for help if you think this may be the case for you or a loved one.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a mental disorder where a person has a deep and extreme need for attention and praise. More-so, people struggling with this disorder have a very excessive view of their self-image. In many cases, the person will have little to no empathy for other people. As with every other type of personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder causes several social and mental problems as time goes on.
Those with a narcissistic personality disorder are usually very vulnerable under their mask of confidence. People struggling with this disorder cannot take even the slightest criticism. This ends up developing into several problems in relationships, at work, school, and financially as well. Due to these problems, people struggling with narcissistic personality disorder are usually unhappy and find little enjoyment in relationships with others.
There are many red flags that may indicate a narcissistic personality disorder. It is essential to know the possible signs so you can try to get help for a loved one or spouse. While some signs may be more subtle than others, a person’s state of mind can come out in many ways. Some of the possible signs and red-flags of a narcissistic personality disorder include the following:
It is not a surprise to see people with this disorder take advantage of others. This is due to the lack of empathy for those around. This exaggerated view of themselves can cause several problems and behaviors. A person dealing with a narcissistic personality disorder will act in a certain way, especially when getting any kind of ‘criticism’. Common behaviors a person may exhibit include:
Unfortunately, due to a person’s over-the-top self-image, it is not uncommon to hear about abuse during relationships. This exaggerated and ultimately false image, makes the person act in a certain way. Abusive tendencies (with others and in relationships) are a coping mechanism for those with NPD. This can come in many forms and can be a very stressful and abusive relationship.
Abuse can occur in other disorders and mental illnesses like an antisocial personality disorder or even addiction. It is important to be aware of the signs of abuse. For victims of potential abuse, it can be difficult to identify and act on these key factors of abuse:
There are several different types of abuse – this can be anything from physical to psychological or even emotional. People dealing with NPD may exhibit types of abuse to cope with their own mental state (or to make themselves feel better). Let’s take a look at some of the common forms of abuse when it comes to Narcissistic personality disorder:
This may be one of the most frequent abusive traits of those with NPD. During a relationship, they may treat their partner or others in an abusive way. This is used to prop a person’s self-image in the relationship or keep control. Verbal abuse can include the following: Bullying, belittling, criticizing, raging, sarcasm, demanding, threatening, shaming, and blaming (among others). Over time these can take a toll on a person’s mind to the point where you don’t want to interact with them.
Manipulation is a common trait with those struggling with narcissism. Oftentimes, those with NPD might take advantage of others to get what they want. While these acts might seem good-natured, there is most likely a hostile intent underneath. Acting in this manner helps reinforce the person’s idea of self-importance while granting what they desire. This can be extremely problematic in a relationship.
People dealing with NPD might use certain financial means to abuse their partner. This can vary in severity and can include: economic domination and holding on to a person’s assets or money. They may use up their partner’s money through extortion, manipulation, gambling, or other means. This can cause mental and emotional stress on the person’s partner and can make them feel hopeless.
A person dealing with NPD might keep control over their partner with emotional blackmail. This includes threats, intimidation, punishment, and other forms of warnings. This is a common form of manipulation that can make a person feel guilty, obligated, and fearful in a relationship. This is an aggressive way of keeping control and superiority down the line.
There are many different types of abusive traits when it comes to those with narcissistic personality disorders. This comes down to a case by case basis and can vary in severity. It’s vital to spot the signs and possible traits of NPD in a relationship. Some other forms of abuse include the following:
As with all personality disorders and mental health illnesses, there are several treatment options that help a person get back on track. A narcissistic personality disorder is no different and typically uses psychotherapy as treatment. Different styles of therapy like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help a person change their views on the world around them. If your partner or someone you know is dealing with NPD, hope is not lost.
During comprehensive treatment (like at Unity Rehab), a person can come to terms with these thoughts and feelings. Psychotherapy can help to:
At Unity rehab, we understand how stressful personality disorders and addiction can be. We want to help you and your loved ones achieve a better place. It is never too late to get help. Contact us today to learn more about treatment options for mental health and addiction. We look forward to assisting you!
Speak to one of our experienced and caring representatives at Unity Behavioral Health to learn about how our rehab programs can help your loved one defeat addiction.